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形容词/定语从句


作定语用的从句一般都是用关系代词或关系副词引起的,它不能单独存在,只能从属于某一主句。先行词是关系代词所修饰的一个词或词组。

一、关系代词:who,whom,whose,which,that,as...一方面代表定语从句所修饰的那个名词(或代词),一方面又在从句内担任一个成分,如主语.宾语.表语或定语。

1.Those people who support capital punishment have the following reasons.

那些支持死刑的人持有以下理由。

2.The day care center is established to take care of the children whose parents work during the day.

日托中心是为了照料那些父母白天上班的小孩而建立的。

3.Those students who hold a foreign degree seem to be more confident,independent and worldly wise.

拥有外国学位的学生似乎更加自信、独立更强和见多识广。

4.As is known to all,the Internet is a two-edged sword.

众所周知,互联网是把双刃剑。武茶认

5.Some people are strongly against the proposal that is set forth by animal-rights activists.

有些人强烈反对动物权益保护者提出的建议。

6.Those people who consume large amounts of television will not participate in group activities and refuse to interact with others.

那些看很多电视的人不愿参与集体活动,不愿与他人交往。

7.Balanced food intake,food variety,and an active lifestyle are the only things that will prevent people from getting overweight.

均衡的食物摄人量,食物的多样性和积极的生活方式是防止人们肥胖的唯一途径。

8. Those women who retreat to complete domesticity tend to feel depressed, isolated and frustrated.

那些回家做全职太太的妇女往往感到沮丧、孤独和失落。

9. As can be seen from the pie chart, chicken has the largest proportion, which makes up 40% ; while fish has the lowest percentage, at 10%.

如饼图所示,鸡肉的份额最大,占40%,而鱼肉的比例最小,为10%.

二、关系副词when,where,why.

1.The traditional school is a place where children get training of the mind and character to produce self-control, habits of obedience.

传统学校是小孩接受智力和性格方面的训练,从而养成自控和服从的习惯的一个场所。

2.A gap year is a period of time when high school graduates can go traveling, do some voluntary work or take up an odd job before they further their study in

Gap yeay是指中学毕业生在上大学之前去旅游、做义工或做临时工的一段时间。

3.I 1ook forward to a day when we can enjoy a clean and quiet environment.

我盼望着有一天能享有洁静的环境。

4.The zoo is an ideal research center where scientists can conduct Borne experiments on animals to discover the causes of some diseases and develop Borne new cures.

动物园是个理想的研究中心,科学家们可以在动物身上做实验,找出一些疾病的成因并研制出新的疗法。

5.The reason why many young students go to study abroad is that they can savour a foreign culture and master a foreign language.

为什么许多年轻学生去外国留学是因为他们有机会品味外国文化和掌握一门外语。

6.That is the reason why I am not in favor of · the installation of cameras in public areas.这就是为什么我不赞成在公共场所安装摄像机的原因。

三、限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句

1.定语从句可分为限制性定语从句(RESTRICTIVE ATTRIBUTIVE CLAUSES)和非限制性定语从句(NON-RESTRICTIVE ATTRIBUTIVE CLAUSES)两种。

限制性定语从句使修饰的词代表一个(些)或一类特定的人或东西,对先行词进行限制;而非限制性定语从句对先行词不起限制作用,仅是添加描述性内容和补充内容,省去它并不影响先行词。

1)He is one of the boys who always do well at school.------He is Jack's brother,who always does well at school.

2)He is a man who has designed many wonderful buildings.

3)Lei Feng,who gave all his life to the people,set a good example to us.

4)My father,who is a famous writer,graduated from Beijing University.

5)We will stay at a hotel which is located near Tiananmen Square.

6)We will stay at Tiantan Hotel,which is located near Tiananmen Square.

7)Her husband,who is a journalist,has been to several countries.

8)Her husband who is a journalist has been to several countries.

9)Beijing is my hometown,where there are many famous scenic spots worth visiting.

2.定语从句一般是修饰名词或代词的,但也可以修饰整个句子或者是句子的一部分。

1)The waiters turned a deaf ear to our request,which made us very angry.

服务员对我们的要求充耳不闻,令我们异常生气。

2)The animal experiment has been cancelled,which is exactly what we expect.

动物实验被取消了,这正是我们所希望的。

3)His son survived in the air crash,which made him very happy.

他的儿子在空难中幸免于难,令他非常开心。

4)Many cars are parked along the streets,which is the direct cause of traffic jams.

许多汽车停在路边,这正是交通阻塞的直接原因。

四、关系代词与先行词的关系

1.在all,every(thing),some(thing),any(thing),none,little,few,much, only以及形容词最高级后,关系代词用that,如:

1)All what*the antivivisectionists say is true.--------All that the antivivisectionists say is true.

2)Nothing which* the government does is justified.------Nothing that the government does is justified.

2.what是一个本身包含着先行词的关系代词,主句中不能再有先行词:反之,若主句已有先行词,则不能用what,而用that.如:

1)The thing what *he pursues is fame and money.-----The thing that he pursues is fame and money.

3.引导非限制性定语从句,不能用that或what,应该用 which/who。

1)The government decided to invest money in artistic projects,that* angered the public who are in urgent need of funds in education and medical care.

2)Many animals are caged,chained and kept as pets,that *seriously violates the basic right of animals.

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